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Calvados (General introduction)

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120km of coastline, 5,584km2 of diverse maritime and inland landscape
671,351 inhabitants, mainly within urban areas.
The Caen conurbation ranks in 1st position in terms of attractiveness for entrepreneurs.
(complete opening scheduled for late 2010)
Infrastructures facilitating economic development



GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
A coastal location, situated on the shores of the world's busiest waterway, the department of Calvados directly faces the south coast of England with which it has shared a rich history over the centuries (Norman conquest, 100 years' war and the allied landings in June 1944). Inevitable when accessing the military port of Cherbourg, situated on both the Calais-Bayonne and the Île de France – Upper Normandy – Brittany routes, the department is ideally located for the strategic exploitation of all forms of traffic flow (road, rail and air) crossing its territory.

COMMUNICATION
Calvados, on the crossroads of major transport routes:
- A13, Paris – Caen - Cherbourg
- A84, Estuaries motorway, Caen - Rennes
- A88, Caen – Falaise – Sées
Two commercial ports: Caen and Honfleur.
Cross Channel ferry links from Caen-Ouistreham to Portsmouth
5,526km of B roads and just as many minor roads covering the department's entire territory.
312km of railway lines: Caen - Paris-Saint-Lazare, Vire – Paris- Montparnasse, Caen - Tours, Caen – Rennes, Caen - Rouen
Two airports: Caen-Carpiquet, Deauville-Saint-Gatien

POPULATION
With a total surface area of 5,548km2, Calvados is the smallest of the region's 3 departments; however, it is also the most densely populated with 121 inhabitants per km2. The department comprises 4 districts: Caen, Bayeux, Vire and Lisieux, collectively including 49 cantons and 706 communes within which reside 671,351 inhabitants (01-01-2009), the active working population being 265,583.
Calvados is an attractive area for weekends and holidays among the « mobile » working population and the retired.
64% of the population is concentrated in urban or peri-urban areas. The Caen conurbation is home to over half of the department's inhabitants. The Caen-Metropole SCOT* includes 340,768 inhabitants (01-01-2009). (*Territorial Coherence Scheme).

Caen, the regional capital:
- For the second year running (2007 and 2008), Caen ranks in 1st place among France's most attractive conurbations, with 200,000 to 500,000 inhabitants, for entrepreneurs.
Towns and places whose fame goes well beyond the department's frontiers: Bayeux, Falaise, Deauville, Cabourg, Honfleur, Lisieux, the Pays d’Auge, the Bessin, the Côte de Nacre, the Suisse Normande...


ECONOMY
The automobile industry, microelectronics, monetics, the boat industry, the horse industry, healthcare, logistics, tourism, and not forgetting the agrifood industry - all contribute to the department's diversified yet balanced economic structure. Calvados is involved in three competitiveness clusters: Mov'eo (automobile industry), Secure Electronic Transactions and the horse industry.








  • A88 CARTE
  • HOTEL DE VILLE DE CAEN
  • PARASOLS SUR LA PLAGE DE LA COTE FLEURIE
  • CANOE EN SUISSE NORMANDE
  • FERRY LE MONT ST MICHEL