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Calvados (Living environment - Culture - Leisure)

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From coast to countryside, Calvados is sure to please...Towns steeped in art and history waiting to be discovered
Recreational appeal: leisure activities, museums, wind sports, hiking, riding...
Outside Caen, the regional capital, towns, villages and country hamlets provide a network of services

One of the major characteristics of the Calvados landscape is, without a doubt, its great diversity. 120 kilometres of coastline, unveiling infinitely long sandy beaches, protected natural sites, holiday destinations (Côte de Nacre, Côte Fleurie) and places of memory. Inland, rivers meander through the undulating hills and valleys of "Suisse normande", the Vire bocage and the plains of Caen, to end their course in the salty waters of the English Channel. Not forgetting the department's 51,000km2 of woodland.

Calvados enjoys an oceanic climate. Nevertheless, its moderate relief and its proximity with the sea produce several climatic variations. The maritime influence results in varying temperatures; milder winter temperatures on the coast and warmer summer temperatures in the department's continental areas further inland.

A land of history, Calvados has a rich and varied cultural and architectural heritage, bearing witness to both prosperous and gloomy eras alike: cathedral (Bayeux), churches, abbeys (Ladies' and Men's Abbey in Caen, Juhaye Mondaye…), Saint-Theresa's Basilica in Lisieux, castles (Caen, Falaise, Crèvecoeur-en Auge, Saint-Germain-de-Livet…), town houses (Bayeux…), manor houses, chalet–villas, neo-Norman and neo-Moresque villas (Lion-sur-Mer, Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer, Cabourg, Deauville, Honfleur…)…

Several cultural events are organised in many of the region's towns. Ever-increasing music and cinema enthusiasts gather together each year to enjoy the region's festivals: Off-Courts, French and Quebec short film Festival in Trouville-sur-Mer, Russian Film Festival in Honfleur, Asian Film Festival in Deauville, American Film Festival in Deauville, Romantic Film Festival in Cabourg; Les Arts Florissants – William Christie, vocal and instrumental ensemble devoted to baroque music; Nördik Impakt, Electronic music Festival in Caen; Medieval festivities in Bayeux; Caen soirs d'été (summer festival - music, theatre...), « Les Boréales » Festival platform of Nordic creations in Caen…

As for its recreational appeal, Calvados offers a profusion of leisure sites, museums of history and ethnology and historical monuments with 935 listed and classified monuments ; Zoological parks (Cerza in Hermival-les-Vaux, Jurques) ; Recreational parks (Festyland in Carpiquet) ; Souterroscope in Caumont l’Eventé ; Miniature Railway Museum in Clecy ; Archeological Museum in Vieux ; D-Day landing Museum and Arromanches 360° ; Battle of Normandy Memorial Museum in Bayeux, Omaha Museum in Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer ; Memorial in Caen, D-Day landing beaches...

Calvados is a paradise for enthusiasts of boating and wind sports (from sailing and kite-surfing to land yachting), equestrian sports (kingdom of horses), sailing trips, hiking (4,000km of marked walking routes) or cycling (several bicycle paths).
Outside the Caen conurbation, life in Calvados is concentrated around boroughs and small towns. Throughout these areas, inhabitants can generally find all of the essential services they need for their daily lives, such as consumer products, work, school or healthcare facilities.

The active population has relatively quick access to workplaces throughout the region, the average journey not exceeding fifteen minutes.
63.5% of the population lives in a one-family dwelling.

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