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Fishery / Shellfish farming

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Small-scale fishing that respects natural resources
France's leading region for shellfish fishing
14 fishing ports, 2,500 fishermen, 580 boats
60,000 tonnes of fish unloaded
Processing workshops
4 fish markets: Grandcamp-Maisy, Port-en-Bessin, Granville and Cherbourg



SMALL-SCALE COASTAL FISHING
Normandy's seafood production is around 60,000 tonnes for a market value of 85 to 100 million Euros, hence ranking the region in 3rd position throughout France and in leading position for its shellfish production.
Its particularity lies in the great diversity of seafood it has to offer.
From the noble catch: monkfish, turbot, brill, sole, dory, red mullet, seabass
From a good catch: skate, rock salmon, conger, pollack, cod, ling, whiting, pout, mackerel, gurnard, sea bream, plaice, dab, shark

The fishing fleet comprises a total of 580 boats for three categories: deep-sea trawlers (18-25m), essentially berthed at Cherbourg, Granville and Port-en-Bessin; 12 to 16m boats, which are extremely versatile and essentially comprising dredger trawlers used for coastal fishing; other smaller boats are used throughout the coast for minor small-scale activities.

METHODICAL FISHING THAT RESPECTS NATURAL RESOURCES
The "Comité Régional des Pêches Maritimes et des Elevages Marins de Basse-Normandie" (regional sea fishing and breeding authority) is responsible for coordinating fishing activities within a radius of 12 nautical miles and of representing the best interests of the fishing profession. Of the 60,000 tonnes unloaded each year, 85% of species are fished within the coastal zone and are consequently governed by the aforementioned fishing authority. The catch essentially comprises shellfish (60%), followed by fish (24%), cephalopods (14%) and crustaceans (2%).
The species fished in the English Channel are but slightly concerned by European Community quotas (less than 15%). On the contrary, 2/3 of production is subject to regional control, implemented for the last 25 years by local authorities, scientists and the fishing profession. Such control aims at adapting collected quantities to available natural resources; unfortunately, the English Channel is not specifically taken into account by the European Community, hence generating discord with Upper Normandy or Northern nations which are not subject to the same regulations.

SPECIALISED PORTS
Ports are becoming increasingly specialised:
Granville is France's leading shellfish port, with a production of over 12,500 tonnes. Its six leading species are clams, whelks, queen scallops, scallops, cuttlefish and sea bream. The port's versatile fleet is capable of small-scale, coastal and high-seas fishing. With sixty vessels, three distinct professions can be distinguished: potting for crustaceans and whelks, dredging for shellfish, bottom and pelagic trawling for cephalopods and queen scallops. The fish market ranks in 5th position in France in terms of tonnage.
Grandcamp-Maisy and Port-en-Bessin are both specialised in scallop fishing.
Saumon de France Cherbourg, is a 15ha fish farm located in the high seas within Cherbourg's natural harbour. France only has two of such marine salmon breeding sites, one located in Brittany, and the Cherbourg farm in Normandy.

Normandy has become the leading French producer of farmed mussels, with 22,000 tonnes, i.e. 41% of national production.
Normandy is also in leading position for its cupped oyster production, representing 27,000 tonnes, i.e. 21% of national production.






  • Parcs à huîtres à marée basse
  • La criée
  • Pose des cordes de moules
  • Praires
  • Granville : bateau de pêche