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Following the example of the Orne Internet Pour Tous (Orne Broadband for All), the Orne Council launched Orne Téléphonie Mobile Pour Tous (Orne Mobile Telephony for All) in 2009
98% of Orne inhabitants have access to broadband
WiMAX and ADSL: a complementary offer throughout the département



HIGH BANDWIDTH (BROADBAND):
Hertzian (WiMAX) and wired (ADSL) networks are present throughout Orne:
- WiMAX (World Interoperability for Microwave Access) technology: developed by Altitude Telecom ensures data transmission via the hertzian network, offering regular and symmetrical 10 megabyte throughput within a radius of 20km around a base station. In January 2006, the area's 28 stations ensured service to 92% of Orne's inhabitants: representing an investment of €7.9M, €5M of which were funded by the Orne Council.
- ADSL technology: operates on a traditional telephone line, enabling simultaneous Internet and telephone access via the telephone socket connection and by exploiting different frequencies. Within the framework of the « Département innovant » (Innovative Département) charter, signed by the Orne Council, France Télécom is committed to accelerating the deployment of ADSL throughout the area. In 2006, 95% of the Orne population had access, compared to 81% late 2005. As early as 2004, the Orne Council launched a digital equipment programme to offer broadband Internet access to a maximum number of its inhabitants. Although the gradual equipment of telephone exchanges enabled ADSL to be progressively deployed in urban areas, innovation proved necessary to offer the same service quality in rural zones. The Orne Council consequently opted for WiMAX, a hertzian technology requiring the deployment of a network of transmitters. Today, 98% of Orne's inhabitants have access to broadband Internet, the WiMAX network and ADSL, offering complementary services throughout the département. However, these technologies, deployed via traditional phone lines (ADSL) or radio signals (WiMAX), do have geographical limitations. Hence, in Orne, due to the great distance to be covered, the nature of the relief and the presence of forests, 3,000 households remain outside the range of these wired or radio technologies. In 2008, a satellite solution entitled "Orne Internet Haut Débit Pour Tous" was offered to these households, under the impetus of the Orne Council, hence offering high bandwidth Internet access to the entire Orne population.
MOBILE TELEPHONY:
Following the example of the Orne Internet Pour Tous initiative, the Orne Council launched Orne Téléphonie Mobile Pour Tous early 2009. It was another pioneering initiative by the Council for, in the early 2000s, with support from the State, the Regional Council and Europe (ERDF), it had already built 20 pylons, a further 17 being built by telecom operators for a total budget of €1,742,000. A policy that had enabled almost the entire Orne territory to be covered. Unfortunately, a few uncovered zones remain, referred to as "white zones". Consequently, the Orne Council voted a further €500,000 from its 2009 budget to accompany operators to ensure coverage of the entire département. The Council is currently conducting a survey of white zones. The aim is to identify white zones for three telecom operators (Orange, SFR and Bouygues).
DEVELOPING ICT AWARENESS AND TRAINING:
Echangeur Basse-Normandie (www.echangeurbn.com):
- ICT Training and Resource centre established since 2001 in Alençon's emblematic Halle au Blé: the centre's aim is to enable businesses, public authorities and other institutions or self-employed workers to familiarise themselves with these technologies and to follow (or even to anticipate) associated change in order to measure its potential impact on their respective activities. Expert in dematerialisation (e-signature, e-administration, DMS, e-invoicing, archiving, e-procedures, etc.) and E-health. Training centre covering many related topics (websites & e-commerce, security, new services, mobility, broadband).
- Adaptable 500m2 premises, totally wired and equipped with around 40 PCs, connected to broadband Internet.
The Departmental Council has made computing a priority in high schools. TICE (ICT for Teaching) Plan for 2009-2011: over €1.5M over three years to renew technical and computing equipment. In Orne's "collèges" (secondary school from age 11 to 15) there are 4.2 pupils per computer station compared to a national average of 8.5 per PC in 2007.






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