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The Norman Kingdom of Sicily

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The Tancred dynasty in Sicily
- An 11th and 12th Century Norman epic
- Mercenaries, founders of a royal dynasty in Sicily
and Southern Italy
A CENTURY'S PRESENCE...
FOR A MILLENIUM HERITAGE



TODAY'S NORMAN SICILY
Sicily is, today, the home of some of Norman history's finest vestiges
- The Normans succeeded in making themselves welcome and in integrating their culture with that of the Muslims.
- Several churches (Cefalu, Palermo Monreale) are of Norman-Byzantine architecture.
- This is the most important period in Sicily's history. It is the period that Sicilians are the most proud of and that they enjoy
recounting through their puppet shows.

THE CONQUEST
- 1035: The first Tancreds arrive in Italy from Hauteville (Cotentin)
- Mercenaries until 1040, conquerors of the west of Apulia (taken from the Byzantines), the Tancreds become autonomous
fighters.
- September 1042: William is elected chief of the Normans of Italy
- Arrival of two Tancred brothers: Onfroi and Robert known as the Guiscard (the "resourceful" or the "cunning")

- As early as 1057: conquest of Southern Italy over the Byzantines
- 1061: conquest of Muslim Sicily
- 1091: conquest ends

THE SICILIAN NORMANS IN THE SERVICE OF THE PAPACY
Problems and isolation facing the Church during the period
- 1054: Religious schism, separation from the Germanic Empire (the Investiture Controversy); separation from the
Byzantine Empire
- Norman alliance with the Pope legitimising the foundation of the Norman authority in Southern Italy and Sicily
- Robert Guiscard and his brother Roger known as the Great Count go from conquest to conquest
- 1072: the Byzantines are driven out once and for all
- 1089: marriage of Roger and Adelaide de Montferrat (Lombardy nobility from Northern Italy)
- Birth of 2 sons, Simon and Roger of Sicily (future King of Sicily)
- 22nd June 1101 death of Roger I, buried in his fief of Mileto, Adelaid's regency
- 1105: premature death of Simon
- 1112: end of the regency, Roger II is invested King of Sicily by the Pope
- 1154: death of Roger II, his descendents William I and II reign over Sicily from his death to 1189- 1177: William II marries Richard the Lionheart's sister.
- 1189: With no heirs upon his untimely death, the problem of succession is posed enabling Henry, son of the Germanic
Emperor Frederic Berberousse (who married Constance de Hauteville, aunt and heiress to William II) to accede to the
throne.

- End of the Norman reign in Sicily, but not of their presence.







  • La conquête des Normands en Méditerranée
  • Les normands
  • Sacre Roger I
  • Palerme - le palais des normands
  • Statue Guillaume 1er